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Oncology is a special branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of cancer. The term oncology originates from the Greek word onkos meaning bulk or tumor. Oncology mainly deals with the diagnosis of cancer, therapy which includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and others. The most significant diagnostic tool used in the study of oncology is medical history. It includes specific symptoms experienced by the patient and nature of complaint.
A medical test which involves removal of cells or tissues from possible area of malignancy for microscopic examination
This involves internal examination of the patient's body by inserting a small scope to view the lesion.
X-Ray, CT scan, Ultrasound
These are radiological techniques used to examine the patient.
Pathological examination like blood tests is a common technique to diagnose cancer.
Scintigraphy, Positron emission tomography
These are methods of nuclear medicine used to diagnose cancer.
Oncology department has a special Tumour Board, comprising medical, surgical and radiation oncologists, and diagnostic consultants who provide comprehensive advice on the best course of treatment for patients. The department provides world-class cancer cure.
A medical specialty that makes use of different types of radiation for treating cancer and other diseases is known as radiation oncology. The treatment has proved itself as a powerful weapon to fight against cancer and results in increased number of cancer cures. High-energy radiation is used for shrinking and destroying cancer cells. The different types of radiation used for treating cancer include charged particles, x-rays and gamma rays. The delivery of this radiation can be done either from a radioactive material placed into the body close to cancer cells (Brachytherapy or internal radiation) or through a machine that is placed outside the body. Radioactive iodine (a radioactive substance) is used in systemic radiation therapy that travels throughout the body for killing cancer cells.