Cardiology Treatment

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Cardiology is a medical term which specializes in dealing with the disorders which take place in the human heart. This field looks into diagnosis and treatments of various kinds of heart disorders such as heart failure, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, Electrophysiology and valvular heart disease.

Today Cardiology treatment in India has come up as a suitable option in order to get rid of any of the heart defects as the cost in India of any of the treatments is the best and that too at rates which are absolutely affordable. Because of these benefits of choosing in India, any of the treatments, many foreigners have come down here in order to solve their trouble of heart diseases. We, at Medi Connect from the past few years have played an important role in arranging Cardiology treatments in India for many people coming to our country for treating their heart diseases. We work in association with a number of top-notch institutions of the the country.

Non-Invasive Cardiology and Diagnostic

Non-invasive cardiology and diagnostics looks into the detection and the treatment of heart disease wherein there is involvement of tests for evaluating and then diagnosing the disorders of the heart. A patient who has a history of heart disease, chest pain with reasons that are unknown or valvular heart comes for non-invasive evaluation that can be done through Electrocardiaogram (ECG), 2-D Colour Doppler, Peripheral Doppler, TEE Echo, Holter and Stress Echo or Stress Test.

Invasive and Interventional Cardiology

Invasive Cardiology is that sub-speciality of cardiology that deals with diagnosis and therapeutic procedures of cardiovascular defects. These procedures need the insertion of instruments through the skin, into the body of the patient for treating the disease. The procedures are many, like gated blood pool studies, coronary angiography, stenting etc.

Interventional Cardiology is a field that deals mainly with catheter-based treatments of heart diseases. Most of the Interventional cardiology treatments such as Balloon Angioplasty, Carotid Stents and Stroke Intervention , Congenital Heart Defect Correction , Fractional Flow Reserve , Peripheral Atherectomy etc are done in the cardiovascular system, are less painful, less risk of infection and have a little recovery span.

Cardiology Robotic Surgery

In Robotic Cardiac Surgery, robotic assist the heart surgeon in performing surgery through tiny incisions. The surgeon has to sit in an operating room where he controls the instruments while looking at 3D images from the camera which is inside the patient. Various procedures can be performed in this case such as mitral valve replacement or repair, correction of HOCM etc. Use of Robotic Surgery in Cardiology has benefits as it involves less pain, scarring and risk that are otherwise involved. The surgeon can perform surgery through tiny openings in the chest, cracking the breastbone and spreading the ribs.

Angiography is derived from the Greek term 'angeion' meaning vessel and 'graphein' which means to writ. Angiography or arteriography is a technique of medical imaging where an X-Ray is taken of the heart to visualize the inner opening of the arteries, veins and the four heart chambers, right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium and left ventricle. Angiography or angiogram requires the insertion of a catheter, a thin tube into a peripheral artery.

Coronary Angiography or Coronary Catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure to access the coronary flow and blood chambers of the heart using a catheter. Coronary Catheterization was first introduced in 1950s.

Cardiac Catheterization Procedure

During Coronary Catheterization a patient's blood pressure and X-Ray shadowgrams of the blood in the coronary arteries are recorded. To record the X-Ray images, a cardiologist guides a catheter through the large blood arteries till the tip of the catheter reaches the opening of the coronary arteries. Catheters are made with a high radio density making it opaque to X-Rays allowing a clearer, blood compatible X-Ray dye to be selectively injected and mixed with the blood flowing in the artery. Without the X-Ray dye, the blood and internal structure of the heart is not clearly visible. The cardiologist activates the equipment to apply cine, a higher X-Ray dose when he/she is ready to record the diagnostic views. The diagnostic views can be saved and studied later.

Benefits of Coronary Catheterization

  • There are no remains of radiation in the body of the patient after an x-ray examination.
  • Due to angiography, the need of surgery may get eliminated. If surgery is necessary then the whole procedure becomes accurate.
  • X-rays generally do not have any side effects.
  • Angioplasty is derived from the words ‘Angio’ meaning vessel and plasticos which means fit for molding. Angioplasty is a medical procedure which involves the alteration of a narrowed or obstructed vascular lumen usually caused by atheroma. All kinds of vascular interventions performed in minimally invasive or percutaneous method are a part of the angioplasty. Angioplasty was first used in 1977 where a tiny balloon was used to open and widen narrowed arteries. Now the procedure has improved with the use of modern devices like stents, laser and new methods.

    Procedure for Coronary Angioplasty

    Coronary Angioplasty also known as percutaneous coronary intervention involves a small incision to be made in the arm or groin to find an artery. The cardiologist leads a thin wire through the incision to the blocked artery. As soon as the wire reaches the blocked artery, a catheter with a deflated balloon is passed over the inserted wire to the blocked area. When the tube reaches the blockage the balloon is inflated which in turn widens the artery the increase the blood flow. Plaque removers may be used to remove the deposited plaque from the walls of the artery. Modern devices like stents are used to keep the artery open. A stent is permanently fixed. After about 4 to 5 hours of the Coronary Angioplasty the wire and catheter are removed.

    Benefits of Coronary Angioplasty

    The main aim of Coronary Angioplasty is to widen the narrowed blood vessels, in order to increase the flow of blood to the heart. Another prime benefit is that it also decreases the risk of a heart attack, reduces the symptoms of angina, and also considerably slows down the progress of coronary artery diseases.

    Sometimes heart surgery in children is required for repairing defects in the heart which a child might have born with (known as congenital heart defects) and heart diseases which he gets after birth, which require surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery deals with operative procedures in the newborn and unborn children and youngsters suffering from cardiac dysfunctions, structural, functional and rhythm-related issues of the heart also.

    Pediatric Cardiac Surgery often deals with heart problems in children, the cause of congenital heart diseases which are common heart ailments among new born children and involves deficiencies like structural defects, congenital arrythmias and cardiomyopathies, which result in different kinds of abnormalities related to the heart. Congenital heart disease is a cause of improper growth of the heart or blood vessels before birth.

    Pediatric Cardiology Facilities

    The Paediatric cardiology department of any hospital offers all non-invasive diagnostic and paediatric cardiac interventional services. The diagnostic modalities are inclusive of foetal echocardiography, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, round the clock Holter, CT and MR angiography as well as diagnostic cardiac catheterisation. Cardiologists, cardiovascular surgeons, anesthesiologists and other specialists work closely together to care for newborn as well as unborn children suffering from cardio- vascular disorders who provide exceptional pre and post operative services.

    Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) is a surgical method performed to improve the flow of blood & oxygen to the heart muscle. The narrowing of the coronary arteries hinders the blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart and can cause a heart attack. The major reason behind the blockage of arteries is the accumulation of fatty substances and cholesterol over a period of time. The surgery helps in re-routing blood to the heart muscles, relieving chest pain and improves function of the heart muscles.

    Procedure for Coronary Bypass Surgery

    During a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG), the blood flow is re-routed around the clogged artery by detaching a long segment of an artery from the chest wall, arms or leg veins. Thereafter, the new artery is grafted to the clogged area of the coronary artery. Through the newly attached channel, blood gets unhindered route to flow to the heart muscles. This procedure is known as Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Depending upon the number of blocked coronary arteries, a patient may undergo more than one bypass graft.

    Benefits of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

    Some of the potential benefits of Coronary Bypass Heart Surgery (CABG) include :

  • Lower risk of stroke
  • Lower death rate
  • Less need for transfusion
  • Less heart rhythm problems
  • Less injury to the heart
  • Vascular Surgery is a particular kind of surgery that deals with surgical interventions of arteries and veins. It also cures diseases of the vascular system and deals with treatment of the areas of dilatation of the blood vessel that can rupture if not treated. Blockages of blood vessels treated by vascular surgeons if not treated causes lack of blood flow to the body, stroke and other serious complications. The treatment requires removal of the area of blockage, carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting in which a tube is placed within the artery that allows blood flow.

    Veins contain leaflet valves for preventing blood from flowing backwards When the veins become varicose (enlarged), they do not meet properly, and the valves do not work allowing the blood to flow backwards and they are enlarged even more.

    Causes for Cardiovascular Disease

  • Long hours of standing or sitting
  • Heredity
  • Female hormones, especially those of pregnancy
  • Muscular compartment forces travelling through connecting veins, create higher pressure in the superficial veins leading to the enlargement of the vessels.
  • Postoperative care of Vascular Surgery

  • Less consumption of saturated fat, cholesterol and calories
  • Regular Exercise, especially aerobic and walking
  • Avoidance of smoking
  • Regular antiplatelet therapy
  • Maintain ideal body weight
  • Take medications for lowering cholesterol
  • Heart Valve Replacement refers to the method of replacing heart valves that have narrowed and hinders the blood flow in & out of the heart with the artificial valve by sewing it to the natural valve. There are four types of heart valves- Tricuspid Valve, Pulmonary Valve, Mitral Valve, Aortic Valves.

    Procedure of Valve Replacement Surgery

    During an Aortic valve replacement surgery, an incision is made by cutting through the sternum. It is also known as median sternotomy. Following the incision being made, the pericardium is opened and subsequently the patient is placed on a cardiopulmonary bypass machine (heart-lung machine). The machine helps in pumping through the heart while the surgeon replaces the heart valve. Once the patient is on bypass, an incision is made in the aorta and a cross clamp is applied. Thereafter the surgeon removes the diseased aortic valve and replace it with the mechanical one. Once the valve is in place and the aorta has been closed, the patient is taken off from the cardiopulmonary bypass machine. Later, Transesophageal echocardiogram is done to confirm whether the new valve is functioning properly or not.

    Benefits of Heart Valve Surgery

    Damaged heart valves cause a multitude of symptoms such as breathing difficulties, chest pain, edema and heart palpitations. Post Heart Valve surgery, you get rid of all these problems. To know more about   Heart Valve Replacement Surgery keep browsing our site Medical India Tourism and to book a medical tour to India please fill the given form.

    With high stress and pressure being a part of modern man's life, coronary ailments are on the rise today. Modern and sedentary lifestyle have made man prone to various heart and other lifestyle ailments. It has therefore become necessary that one undergo regular preventive health checkups as a precautionary measure.

    64 Slice Heart Scan

    64 Slice Heart Scan, is a 10 second non-surgical procedure that reveals the blocks and deposits in the arteries of the heart. It is a preventive treatment that helps in the detection of cardiac disorder and can help prevent a heart attack. It helps in detecting the presence of calcium build up, non-calcified plaque deposits, which may cause a heart attack. The procedure is also patient friendly as shorter breath holding in the procedure reduces patient discomfort while scanning.

    320 slice CT Scanner

    320 Slice CT Scanner can take the image of the entire heart in a single –rotation while it provides volumetric temporal resolution thus offering clearer image quality. It shows the whole organ anatomy along with the changes in it over the time resulting in better and quick diagnosis. Moreover, it can perform a detailed neurological examination too of the whole brain perfusion in a single study, helpful in identifying the level of heart disease

    Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)

    TEE is used in determining whether a patient who has the problem of an abnormal heart rhythm is at a high risk for a stroke or not. This process also tells that whether there is any blood clots in the heart.

    Stress Echocardiography

    The procedure of Stress Echocardiography makes use of exercise or medication for making the heart work harder than when it is resting, helping in obtaining detailed pictures of the heart and its functioning. It looks into the overall heart functioning, the presence of heart diseases, and the effectiveness of the treatment being followed.

    Electrophysiology (EP) Study

    EP Study is a specialized process that is undertaken by a trained cardiac specialist, who is called the Electrophysiologist. During this process, one or more thin, flexible wires, which are known as catheters, are put into a blood vessel, later guiding into the heart. Every catheter has got two or more electrodes for measuring the electrical signals to heart while they are travelling from one chamber to the other. This study diagnoses cardiac rhythm abnormality, for the determination of the best treatment, and also to determine the place where therapy should be done.

    Heart transplantation is a surgical process which undertakes to replace a diseased or non-functioning heart with a healthy one. The surgeon removes the heart of patients by making a transaction in the aorta, the main pulmonary artery and the superior as well as inferior vena cavae, and then dividing the left atrium. This leaves the back wall of the left atrium that has the pulmonary vein openings in place. After this, the donor's heart is connected by sewing together the recipient and donor vena cavae, aorta, pulmonary artery and left atrium. The donor for heart transplant is someone who is either brain dead or on ventilation. After removing the healthy heart from such a patient it is dipped in a solution before the transplant takes place.

    Process of heart transplant in India

    The heart that is preserved in a solution, is transplanted when the patient is in deep sleep or under anesthesia. The cut is made in the breastbone and the heart-lung bypass machine is used for the operation. This machine helps the supply of blood through the entire body and brain while the operation process is being conducted. The transplanted new heart later regulates the smooth flow of blood within the patient's body. The hospitals are renowned for cost- effective Cardio surgeries having specialized surgeons. The department also specializes in treating other heart ailments like cardiac arrests and heart attacks where cardiac care and therapies are also done to assist the patients.